Dr John Addenbrooke (1680 - 1719)

He created one of the first voluntary hospitals in England, which he described as ‘a small physical hospital in the town of Cambridge for poor people’. Addenbrooke’s Hospital opened in Trumpington Street in 1766 and expanded to its new site south of Cambridge in the 1970s, when it became a major national teaching hospital. Fellow of St Catharine's College. Location of plaque: Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ

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Basque Refugees

Twenty-nine Basque children, refugees from the Spanish Civil War, were cared for by local volunteers in a house provided by Jesus College, from January 1938 to November 1939. Location: 1 Salisbury Villas, Cambridge, CB1 2JF

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Archie Scott Brown (1927 - 1958)

Despite having a severe disability, he was an international racing driver and won the most presitigious races of his day in Lister Jaguar sports cars, built in Cambridge by George Lister & Sons. Location: 163 Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 8RJ

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Cambridge Mayoralty

Cambridge was granted the right to appoint a mayor or reeve of their choice by royal charter of King John, on 8th May 1207, giving it 800 years of mayoralty. The Guildhall site has been a seat of law enforcement and local government since 1224. Location: The Guildhall, 318 Market Hill, Cambridge, CB2 3AD

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Oliver Cromwell (1599 - 1658)

At the Black Bear Inn, which stood on this site in Market Square, Cromwell met the Eastern Association to plan the Parliamentarian war effort in this region. MP for Cambridge. Lord Protector of the British republic. Location: Market Passage, Cambridge, CB2 3PF

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Announcement of the discovery of DNA

For decades, The Eagle was the local pub for scientists from the nearby Cavendish Laboratory. It was here on February 28th 1953 that Francis Crick and James Watson first announced that they had 'found the secret of life' following their discovery of how DNA carries genetic information. Unveiled by James Watson 25th April 2003. Location: 5 Bene't St, Cambridge, CB2 3QN.

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Ann Docwra (1624 - 1710)

She was a Quaker minister and campaigned for freedom and toleration in matters of religion and conscience. She gave a site to the Quakers for a Meeting House while still living there. Location: 12 Jesus Lane, Cambridge, CB5 8BA

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Jim Ede (1895 - 1990)

He was 'a friend of artists', returning to England from Morocco to create Kettle's Yard, where he lived and displayed his art collection from 1957 to 1973. Location: Kettle's Yard, Castle St, Cambridge, CB3 0AQ

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Henry Fawcett (1833 - 1884)

Despite being blinded aged 25 in a shooting accident, he became a Liberal MP who campaigned for women's suffrage. He was later appointed Postmaster-General and introduced parcel post, postal orders, telegrams, and Post Office Savings. He lived in Brookside with his wife and daughter from 1874 to 1884. Fellow of Trinity Hall, Cambridge. Location: 19 Brookside, Cambridge, CB2 1JE

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Millicent Garrett Fawcett (1847-1929)

She was a leading suffragist and co-founder of Newnham College, and a lifelong campaigner for women's education and equal citizenship. She lived here. To quote from a speech she gave in 1913: 'Courage calls to courage everywhere'. Location: 19 Brookside, Cambridge, CB2 1JE

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John Stevens Henslow (1796 - 1861)

He was a professor, churchman, botanist and geologist, and an innovator in universal education. He became a guiding light for his student Charles Darwin, and founded the Cambridge University Botanic Garden in 1831. Location: 4 Brookside, Cambridge, CB2 1JE

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Sir Jack Hobbs (1882 - 1963)

Born in the Barnwell distict of Cambridge, he learned cricket on Parker's Piece. He played for Cambridgeshire, Surrey, and England, and was the first professional to be knighted, scoring 61,237 runs including 197 centuries in first class cricket. He played in 61 test matches and became known as 'The Master'. Location: 7 Park Terrace, Cambridge, CB1 1JH

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Thomas Hobson (1544-1630)

He was both a carrier and a stable keeper. Discovering that his fastest horses were the most popular, and thus overworked, he established a strict rotation system so customers were only able to rent the next horse in line, which was 'Hobson's Choice'. The present Hobson House replaced a workhouse built by his charity. Location: 52–54 St Andrew's St, Cambridge, CB2 3AH

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Hughes Hall

Hughes Hall, a graduate college of Cambridge University, was founded in Crofton Cottages in 1885. It was the first British institution to provide specialised teacher training for women graduates. The College moved to its permanent home overlooking Fenner's Cricket Ground in 1895. Location: 1–3 Merton Street, Cambridge, CB3 9JD

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Charles Humfrey (1772 - 1848)

He was an architect, developer, banker and mayor. He led the development of Doll's Close, a small field beside Newmarket Road, which included building houses and terraces in Maid's Causeway and Willow Walk. They remain an enduring legacy to his native town. Location: Newmarket Rd, Cambridge, CB5 5DT

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Eglantyne Jebb (1876 - 1928)

She was a social reformer and researcher in Cambridge. She became involved in the Charity Organisation Society, housed at 82 Regent Street, and later founded Save the Children. It was her observation that 'Every war, just or unjust, is a war against the child'. Location: 82 Regent St, Cambridge, CB2 1DP

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John Maynard Keynes (1883 - 1946)

He was a Fellow and Bursar of King's College, and was an economist, philosopher, businessman, civil servant, and diplomat. He founded the Cambridge Arts Theatre on 3rd February 1936. Location: 6 St Edward's Passage, Cambridge CB2 3PL

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David Gregory Marshall (1873 - 1942)

He was a University caterer, a sportsman, and an early pioneer of motoring and flying. He was the founder of Marshall of Cambridge; the Head Office was situated in Jesus Lane from 1912 to 1939, and continued as a garage until 2000. Location: Jesus Lane, Cambridge, CB5 9BJ.

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Henry Morris (1889 - 1961)

He is known primarily as the pioneer of Communitiy Education, and in particular, the Cambridgeshire Village Colleges. As the Chief Education Officer for Cambridgeshire for over thirty years, his vision was to provide 'Education from the cradle to the grave'. Location: 4 Silver St, Cambridge, CB3 9ET

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John Mortlock (1755 - 1816)

The house at 10 Peas Hill was once his home where he opened the first banking house in Cambridge. He was a draper, banker, MP, recorder and 13-times mayor, and was hence known as the 'Master of the town of Cambridge'. He was called corrupt by his political oppenents, which led to his stance: 'That which you call corruption I call influence'. Location: 10 Peas Hill, Cambridge, CB2 3QB

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New Hall

New Hall, a women's college of Cambridge University, was founded here in Silver Street in 1954, with two tutors and sixteen students. In 1964 the College moved to its permanent home in Huntington Road. Location: Darwin College, Cambridge, CB3 9EU

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Stephen Perse (1548 - 1615)

He was a fellow of Gonville and Caius, physician, financier, and philanthropist. His will included a bequest of land for the establishment of what was then described as a Free Grammar School which later become the Perse Schools. Location: Free School Lane, Cambridge, CB2 3QA

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Enid Porter (1909 - 1984)

She was the curator of the Cambridge & County Folk museum from 1947 to 1976, and a leading authority on Cambridgeshire culture, history, customs, stories and beliefs, and a pioneer of oral history. She said of the museum: 'It is the intimacy of it that I like, relating the objects to the role they played in people's lives and the customs they have played a part in'. Location: 1 Northampton St, Cambridge, CB3 0AD

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Gwen Raverat (1885 - 1957)

She was an artist, illustrator, wood engraver, and at the age of 62, started to write her classic childhood memoir 'Period Piece: A Cambridge Childhood'. She was the granddaughter of the naturalist Charles Darwin, and was born and died here at Newham Grange, the Darwin family home, now part of Darwin College. Location: Darwin College, Cambridge, CB3 9EU

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